The typical student enrolled in C030501 is a sophomore in the School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering at XAUAT. The students have completed Advanced Mathematics, Physics while a fresh.
**教学目的 (Learning Objectives) **
Learning objectives describe the expected level of proficiency with syllabus topics that a student should attain. To complement the learning objectives, measurable outcomes describe specific ways in which students may be expected to demonstrate such proficiency. Major syllabus topics are organized into learning objectives in the following.
**绪论（ Preface ） **
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 了解工程热力学在工程应用中的重要作用。
Acknowledge the important role of Engineering Thermodynamics in practical project application.
※ 了解能量转换装置的基本工作过程。
Acknowledge basic processes of energy transit equipment.
※ 理解工程热力学的研究对象、研究方法。
Understand study objectives and study method of Engineering Thermodynamics
**第一章 基本概念**
(Chapter 1 Basic Concepts)
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 理解和掌握工程热力学中的一些术语和概念：热力学系统、状态参数、平衡状态、状态参数坐标图、状态方程式、准静态过程、可逆过程等。
Grasp and understand terminologies and concepts of Engineering Thermodynamics, such as thermodynamic system, state property, equilibrium state, state properties diagram, equation of state, quasi-static process and reversible process, etc.
※ 掌握状态参数的特征，基本状态参数的定义及单位等。
Grasp the characteristics of state properties, definition of the basic state properties and their units, etc.
※ 掌握热量和功量的特征，及利用系统的状态参数计算准静态过程的功和热量的方法。
Grasp the characteristics of heat, work and how to calculate the heat and work transferred in a quasi-static process using state properties of a system.
※ 理解用热力循环的基本概念
Understand the concept of thermodynamic cycle.
**第二章 理想气体的性质**
**Chapter 2 Properties of Ideal Gas **
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 理解理想气体比热容的概念；掌握理想气体比热容的计算方法，以及利用比热容计算过程热量、热力学能变化、焓的变化的方法；掌握热力过程中熵变的计算方法。
Understand the concept of specific heat of ideal gas and its calculation method; Calculate heat, change in thermodynamic energy and ethalpy using specific heat;
Grasp how to calculate the entropy in a thermodynamic process.
**第三章 热力学第一定律**
(Chapter 3 The First Law of Thermodynamics)
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 深刻理解热力学第一定律的实质，熟练掌握热力学第一定律的表达式。正确地利用热力学第一定律表达式解决工程实践中的有关问题。
Deeply understand the essence and expressions of the first law of thermodynamics ； Using the expression of the first law to solve related problems occurred in practical project.
※ 深刻理解各种形态能量的定义及实质。
Deeply understand the definition and essence of various types of energy.
※ 热力学能变化、焓的变化的计算方法；掌握热力过程中熵变的计算方法。
Calculate change in thermodynamic energy ， ethalpy and entropy.
※ 掌握各种形态功量的实质与计算。
Deeply understand the essence of various type of work and their calculation.
※ 理解焓的物理意义。
Understand the physical meaning of enthalpy.
**第四章 理想气体的热力过程**
(Chapter 4 Thermodynamic Process of Ideal Gas)
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 熟练掌握 4 种基本过程和多变过程系统与外界交换的热量、功量的计算；
Deeply understand four basic thermodynamic process and polytropic process;
Grasp the method to calculate the heat and work exchange during these process.
※ 熟练掌握 4 种基本过程和多变过程初终态基本状态参数 *p *、 *v *、 *T *之间的关系；
Deeply grasp the relationship between the basic properties, such as p 、 v 、 T during 4 basic process and polytropic process.
※ 掌握热力过程在热力参数坐标图上的描述，以及利用热力参数坐标图判断过程的特点。
Grasp how to depict thermodynamic processes on p-v and T-s diagram and judge the process characteristics
※ 掌握不同压缩过程 ( 绝热、定温、多变 ) 状态参数的变化规律、耗功的计算 , 以及压气机耗功的计算 ;
※ 掌握 活塞式压气机的工作原理 , 余隙容积对活塞式压气机工作的影响 ;
Understand the
※ 了解多级压缩、中间冷却的工作情况。
Acknowledge multi-stage compression, inter-cooling of compression process
**第五章 热力学第二定律**
**Chapter 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics **
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives) ： **
※ 深刻理解热力学第二定律的本质。
Deeply understand the essence of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (Why do we need a second law?)
Grasp the concept and statements of the second law
※ 掌握卡诺定理及其应用。
Grasp Carnot Principle and its applications
※ 掌握孤立系统墒增原理及其在能量损耗计算上的应用。
Grasp the Entropy Increase Principle of Isolated System and its application in energy losses calculation.
※ 了解火用的概念及其计算。
Acknowledge the concept of Exergy and its calculation.
※ 掌握利用熵分析法和 火用 分析法对热力过程进行分析的方法，树立合理用能的思想。
Grasp entropy and exergy analysis method and cultivate the thought to use energy feasibly.
**第六章 水蒸气**
Chapter 6 Water vapor
**学习目标（ Learning Objectives ） ： **
※ 了解水蒸气的定压发生过程；
Acknowledge the vapor generation process at constant pressure
※ 掌握水蒸气的性质；
Grasp the properties of water vapor
※ 熟悉状态特点：一点（临界点）、二线（两条饱和曲线）、三区、五态（五种状态）；
Grasp the characteristics of water vapor on p-v and T-s diagram: one point (critical point), two lines (SLL and SVL), three regions, five kinds of state.
※ 了解并掌握水蒸气的热力性质表和图的结构及使用方法；
Acknowledge property diagram of water vapor and the h-s plot and Grasp how to use it.
※ 掌握水蒸气的热力过程；
Grasp thermodynamic process of water vapor
**第七章 湿空气**
Chapter7 Moist Air
**学习目标 （ Learning Objectives ） **
※ 掌握湿空气、饱和湿空气、未饱和湿空气、露点、绝对湿度、相对湿度、比湿度等概念 ;
Grasp the concepts of Moist air, saturated air, unsaturated air, dew point, relative humidity,
※ 掌握湿空气状态参数的意义及计算方法 ;
Grasp the meaning of properties of moist air and their calculate method.
※ 掌握用解析法和图解法计算湿空气的热力过程的方法。
Grasp the analytical and plot method to calculate thermodynamic process of moist air.
**第八章 气体的流动**
Chapter 8 Gas Flow
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives) ： **
※ 理解并掌握稳定流动时气流的基本方程式；
Understand and grasp the characteristic equation for gas steady flow.
※ 理解并掌握管内定熵流动的基本特征；
Understand and grasp the basic characteristics of isentropic flow.
※ 掌握气体的流速、临界流速、气体的流量气体的流量；
Grasp how to calculation of gas velocity, critical velocity and flow rate.
※ 掌握喷管效率、绝热滞止概念及计算；
Grasp the concept of nozzle efficiency, isentropic stagnation and their calculation.
※ 了解并掌握绝热节流及合流两种常见过程。
Acknowledge adiabatically throttling and converging process
**第八章 动力循环**
Chapter 9 Power Cycle
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives) ： **
※ 了解并掌握朗肯循环、再热循环及回热循环。
Acknowledge and grasp Rankin Cycle, Reheat Cycle and
※ 了解并掌握 内燃机和燃气轮机装置的实际工作循环可抽象为理想气体的热机循环。
The internal combustion engine (Otto cycle) ， Diesel cycle ， Brayton cycle ， Brayton cycle for jet propulsion; the ideal ramjet
Gas turbine technology and thermodynamics
※ 掌握热机循环的分析方法，能够按照循环的热力过程性质，确定参数间的关系，研究热机利用热能的经济性即循环热效率，以及分析参数变化对循环热效率的影响。
Grasp the key to the Enhancement of, and effect of design parameters on Rankine cycles
Combined cycles in stationary gas turbines for power production
**第十章 制冷循环**
**Chapter 10 Refrigeration Cycle **
**学习目标 (Learning Objectives): **
※ 掌握各种制冷装置循环设备及其工作流程。
※ 掌握将实际质量循环抽象和抽象为理想循环的一般方法。
Grasp Refrigerators and heat pumps; Carnot cycles in reverse; work and efficiency
※ 掌握各种制冷循环的制冷量、放热量、耗功量及制冷系数等的分析和计算方法。
Grasp the method to analyze and calculate cooling capacity, heat rejection and energy consumption and COP
※ 了解分析影响各种制冷循环的制冷系数的主要因素及提高制冷系数的途径。
Acknowledge the main factors which have influence on coefficient of performance of refrigeration cycle and the way to improve it.
**• 教学方法（ Teaching & Learning Methods ） **
• Detailed lecture notes are available on the web (for viewing and/or downloading). You should download a copy of these and bring them with you to lecture.
• Preparation and participation will be important for learning the material. You will be responsible for studying the notes prior to each lecture. Several reading assignments will be given to help promote this activity (1/3 of participation grade).
• Several active learning techniques will be applied on a regular basis (turn-to-your-partner exercises, muddiest part of the lecture, and ungraded concept quizzes). We will make extensive use of the PRS system (2/3 of participation grade).
• Homework problems will be assigned (approximately one hour of homework per lecture hour).
### Concept Questions
Multiple choice questions posed to students throughout the lecture session. Students register a response using a Personal Response System ("PRS") transmitter. Questions are typically designed to evaluate conceptual understanding, and to be completed in 1-5 minutes. Faculty can see the class' results immediately.
### Muddy Points
Responses to "Muddiest Part of the Lecture" cards. At the end of each lecture, students are asked to spend 5 minutes thinking about which of the topics presented was least clear. They write them on index cards and submit them as they leave. Faculty review and respond to "Muddy Points" in the next lecture and/or online.
### Readings
Reading assignments for the lecture. These may be from published textbooks, or linked resources. The instructor's notes are assigned as readings to be completed before the lecture, so they are linked in this column. Optional readings appear in parentheses, e.g., se c. 1.1 -1.4, (1.5).
Entropy changes in an ideal gas
Calculation of entropy change in some basic processes
1.C. Applications of the Second Law (4 lectures)
Limitations on the work that can be supplied by a heat engine
The thermodynamic temperature scale
Representation of processes in *T-s * coordinates
Brayton cycle in *T-s * coordinates
Irreversibility, entropy changes, and "lost work"
Entropy and "unavailable energy" (lost work by another name)
Examples of lost work in engineering processes
Part 2. Applications of Thermodynamics to Engineering Systems
**评分方法： (Assessment method): **
There will be two quizzes during the term plus a final exam. The homework (including reading assignments) will count 10%, the quizzes will count 5% each, and the final exam will count 70%. The instructor reserves the right to alter the percentages slightly, depending on circumstances.
Homework assignments will be due at the beginning of class a week after they are assigned. Any unexcused late assignments will receive zero credit.
The remaining 5% of the grade will be based on student performance in various exercises and experiments (many of which will occur in class, including answering questions verbally in class or taking concept quizzes). In all cases the lowest 5% of the scores can be dropped to provide some flexibility for missed classes, etc. There will be no make-up opportunities granted for missing these activities. |